Growing Garlic, Harvest, Plant Garlic Complete Guide:
Garlic can be planted in spring or in fall. In spring developing garlic is harvested late in the summertime or early autumn. Growing garlic may be harvested in mid-summer, the summertime after fall planted. Fall planted garlic will produce huge bulbs and cloves than spring-planted garlic.
- Growing garlic in spring four to 6 weeks earlier than the ultimate average frost date.
- Fall-planted garlic must be set within the ground in mid-October; plant a couple of weeks earlier in very bloodless winter regions; plant multiple weeks later in moderate-iciness areas.
- Fall planted garlic have to be inside the floor 6 to eight weeks before the first expected frost.
Wherever you plant, preserve in thoughts garlic calls for cool temperatures of 32° to 50°F (0-10°C) for the duration of its first two months of increase. Cool temperatures at planting time are critical for garlic to set up its sizeable root gadget.
GROWING GARLIC GUIDE:
- Plant the garlic in complete sun.
- Grow garlic in free, humus-rich soil this is nicely-drained.
- Plant in a raised or mounded mattress in case you live in which the floor will freeze in wintry weather.
- Garlic prefers a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0.
BEST TIME FOR GARLIC PLANTING:
- Garlic requires cool air temperatures of 32° to 50°F (0-10°C) for the duration of its first months of growth whilst roots are mounted and bulbs start to form. Garlic isn’t always affected by warm weather because it matures.
- Growing garlic in spring whilst the soil continues to be cool. You can plant 4 to 6 weeks earlier than the remaining spring frost or as quickly because the soil has thawed and is workable. Spring planting will come to reap at the quit of the developing season, about one hundred twenty-one hundred fifty days after planting.
- Plant garlic in overdue summer or autumn because the soil again begins to cool. Plant approximately 6 weeks before the first freeze. Autumn planting will come to harvest approximately the center of the subsequent summer season.
PLANTING GARLIC AND SPACING:
- Growing garlic from cloves or bulblets. Set cloves within the ground plump side down (that is the foundation side) and pointed facet up.
- Set cloves 1 to 2 inches (2.Five-10cm) deep and 6 to 8 inches (15-20cm) apart.
- Space rows 12 inches (30cm) aside.
- Add a tablespoon of five-10-10 fertilizer or bone meal or fish meal to the bottom of the hollow at planting time. Sprinkle a bit of soil over the fertilizer earlier than setting the clove in the region.
- Plant simplest firm, wholesome-looking bulbs or cloves that are insect and disorder-unfastened.
- Separate cloves carefully to avoid bruising and to maintain the skins intact (do now not put off the skins). Plant the most important cloves; use small cloves for cooking.
- Plant garlic purchased from seed catalogs, a garden middle, or which you have grown yourself. Garlic from a grocery store can also be handled with an increased inhibitor.
- Garlic from a nearby or nearby grower is probably to be a cultivar on the way to develop well for your region.
- If you’re the usage of bulbs harvested out of your garden the season earlier than, plant the plump outer cloves; use small middle cloves for cooking. (The average garlic bulb weighs 2-3 ounces and yields 6 to eight plantable cloves.)
- Plant 12 to sixteen plants according to man or woman.
- Autumn-planted cloves will establish their root machine earlier than the first freeze. Roots and shoots will resume increase in early autumn.
WATERING GARLIC PLANT TIPS:
- Keep the soil moist but now not moist after planting. If the soil freezes in iciness, roots will resume increase in spring; resume watering in spring as properly. Keep the soil wet in the course of the growing time but no longer moist.
- Reduce water as bulbs near maturity. Allow the soil to head simply dry soil three to 4 weeks before harvest; this will improve the flavor of garlic.
FEEDING GARLIC TIPS:
- Add well-elderly compost or an industrial organic planting blend to planting beds two times a year.
- Mist-spray garlic leaves each two weeks with fish emulsion or kelp extract. Side get dressed plants with a mild utility of blood meal.
- Begin feeding garlic that has been in the ground over the winter in spring as the days begin to lengthen.
- Heavy programs of nitrogen-wealthy fertilizers will lower the taste of garlic bulbs; use a five-10-10 method if you follow fertilizer.
CARING FOR GARLIC TIPS:
- Keep planting beds weed-free.
- Mulch around flora with aged compost to preserve down weeds and to feed the plant life.
- Pinch away blossom in case you are growing hard-neck garlic to focus a plant’s efforts on bulb formation in place of foliage. Flowers will seem in the early summer season.
- Mulch planting beds heavily with straw or hay earlier than the first tough freeze if garlic is staying in the ground over the winter.
- When stems start to yellow, bend them to the ground without breaking them, This is known as “accommodations” and promotes bulb formation.
- Avoid planting garlic where onions or garlic have recently grown.
GROWING GARLIC IN CONTAINER:
Garlic is not a tremendous candidate for growing in packing containers. Choose a field this is at least 15 inches (38cm) extensive and deep.
GARLIC COMMON DISEASES:
- Mildew may occur in warm wet surroundings. Keep vegetation dry.
- Destroy bulbs with any sign of ailment—mold, mildew, wilted leaves, or gentle spots.
- Do now not plant garlic or another onion circle of relatives vegetation in the equal mattress extra than as soon as every 3 years.
- In onion maggots or wireworms were a problem inside the beyond, practice parasitic nematodes to the soil at planting time.
HARVESTING THE GARLIC TIPS:
- Harvest bulbs whilst the tops begin to dry and flip brown, about 2 to three weeks after lodging. About seventy-five percent of the top increase needs to be brown at harvest time.
- To understand if bulbs are ready for harvest, lift one or two and damage them aside. If bulbs are unsegmented and difficult to separate, it is too early. Check once more every week or.
- Ripe bulbs need to without problems shy away from the stems.
- The skins of bulbs simply proper for harvest could be thick, dry, and papery.
- The skins of bulbs left inside the floor too lengthy may be free and go to pot; those bulbs might be inferior and now not preserve well. It is higher to harvest a bit early than too late.
- Lift garlic bulbs with a lawn fork being cautious now not to bruise or reduce the skins.
- Allow bulbs to dry in an airy vicinity for 3 to four weeks after harvest until the outer skins turn papery.
- Save the biggest bulbs to replant subsequent season.
HOW TO STORE AND PRESERVE GARLIC:
- Use garlic fresh or cure it for the garage.
- Cure garlic in a warm, dry, dark region with precise air movement. Cure bulbs for two to a few weeks.
- You can hang garlic in loose bunches for therapy. Braid the tops of the flora together with twine and dangle them to dry.
- Cure garlic at 60° to ninety°F (15-32°C).
- Trim away the leaves and roots after the garlic has cured.
- Store mature bulbs in a cool, dry area in a mesh or net bag.
GARLIC DIFFERENT TYPES:
There are 3 styles of garlic: tough-neck, gentle-neck, and elephant.
1 Hard-neck garlic:
Hard-neck garlic(also called pinnacle-putting garlic, serpent garlic, or rocambole) will grow one ring of cloves across the stem. Hard-neck garlic may be very cold hardy however does no longer shop nicely. The flavor of hard-neck garlic is moderate as compared to tender-neck garlic. Hard-neck garlic will set bulblets at the pinnacle of twisted flower stalks in addition to the underground bulbs. Hard-neck varieties consist of ‘Spanish Rojo’, ‘German Red’, Korean Red’, ‘Chesnok Red’, ‘Siberian’, ‘Brown Tempest’, ‘Chet’s Italian Purple’, ‘Georgian Crystal’, ’German Extra Heavy’, and ‘Duganski’.
2 Soft-neck garlic:
Additionally called silverskin or artichoke garlic normally grows larger bulbs than the soft garlic type. The taste of tender-neck garlic is robust and excessive. Soft-neck types encompass: ‘Silverskin’, ‘California Early’, ‘California Late’, ‘California White’, ‘Lorz Italian’, ‘New York White’, ‘Polish White’, and ‘Inchelium Red’.
3 Elephant garlic:
This type of garlic is likewise called extremely good-headed garlic. It is not authentic garlic, It is miles extra carefully associated with leeks. This type of garlic has huge bulbs and about 4 cloves for each bulb.
- Garlic is a hardy perennial bulb plant grown for its papery white bulbs that include clusters of man or woman cloves.
- Cloves are sturdy-flavored eaten uncooked and mild-tasting cooked. Garlic grows to adulthood in approximately ninety days.
- The botanical call of gentle-neck garlic is Allium sativum sativum. The botanical call of difficult-neck garlic is A. Sativum subsp. Ophioscorodon.
Origin: South Europe.